FAQ for EU-Construction Products Regulation
Aim of the EU Construction Products Regulation (EU-CPR) is to improve safety and environmental protection relating to houses and public buildings, especially in view of:
- Fire protection
- Fire resistance
- Release of hazardous substances
Since 01.07.2017 a certain range of cables is affected by EU-CPR.
The EU-CPR is valid in Europe, mainly in the European Union, Switzerland is associated.
The EU-CPR is valid for all cables which are:
- laid fixed in a permanent manner in construction works (as well as in-wall, duct or tray)
- constructed and intended for incorporation in a permanent manner in construction works
- having an effect on the performance of the construction works
- according to applicable harmonized technical specifications based on EU-CPR
This covers all power, control and communication cable, see EN 50575.
Not affected by EU-CPR are cables:
- inside machines
- flexible cables for equipment, lamps or tools
- covered by EC machinery Directive
- for lifts
- in industrial use
- flexible cables with connectors
- patch cables
- foreseeable temporarily installed
- not intended for permanent use in buildings
- fire retardant cables (harmonized standard is not available yet)
- exceptions in EN 50575, e.g. safety cables for fire detection, alarm, signs, extinguishing systems
Cables without marking acc. to EU-CPR, put on the market before 1. July 2017 (so called inventory cables), may still be sold and used without marking for an unlimited time.
For all cables affected by EU-CPR a classification is performed. This requires actual flame tests.
All these cables are marked with CE logo according to EU-CPR and its classification (e.g. Eca C). Drums or packing show the corresponding CE label. Labels are to be remitted up to the end user.
Declaration of Performance (DoP) shall be available on request, no need to enclose it regularly. According to German Musterbauordnung (MBO), DoP must be available during installation.
Classifications are Aca to Fca, highest to lowest.
Each has specifications for:
- Flame spread
- Heat release
- Smoke production
- Flaming droplets
Safety requirements of the building define the cable classification needed.
Details are regularized by national rules within the European member states. In Germany mandatory rules are not yet available.
At the time being, ZVEI proposals are incorporated in new versions of construction guidelines. Building legislation does not give further details unless “standard flammable cables”, that is class Eca.
All previous requirements and standards for electrical and mechanical safety must still be maintained.
EU-CPR is valid in addition and covers fire behavior only.